کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
6459615 1421379 2016 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Soil carbon stock changes due to edge effects in central Amazon forest fragments
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
تغییرات کربن خاک به دلیل اثرات لبه در بخش مرکزی آمازون، تغییر می کند
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک بوم شناسی، تکامل، رفتار و سامانه شناسی
چکیده انگلیسی


- Deforestation patterns in Amazonia create vast areas of forest edges.
- Logging can also create edge-like conditions in Amazonian forest.
- Edge effects are often omitted from carbon emissions reported for tropical forests.
- Soil C gain counteracts 8.3% of above-ground carbon loss from “biomass collapse”.
- Unchanged soil C in forest interiors suggests no impact of global climate change yet.

Amazon forest stocks large quantities of carbon both in plant biomass and in soil. Deforestation has accelerated the process of forest fragmentation in the Brazilian Amazon, resulting in changes in carbon stocks in both biomass and soil. Logging, including that under legal forest management, can create edge-like conditions inside the forest. We investigated the relationship between changes in carbon stocks in the soil and the distance to the nearest edge in forest remnants after about 30 years of isolation. We assessed the effect of edges using geographically weighted regression (GWR), which considers the non-stationary character of soil carbon stocks and assigns relative weights to the observations according to the distance between them. Data from 265 georeferenced plots distributed over 28 ha of forest fragments in the Manaus region were included in these analyses. Soil-carbon stocks were estimated for areas before (1984-1986) and after (2012-2013) isolation of the fragments. The GWR model indicated an apparent relationship between change in carbon stocks and distance from the edge (R2 = 0.79). The largest changes occurred in plots located closest to the edges. In 202 plots ⩽100 m from an edge, soil-carbon stock increased significantly (p = 0.01) by a mean of 1.34 Mg ha−1 over the ∼30-year period. Such changes in soil carbon stocks appear to be associated with higher rates of tree mortality caused by microclimatic changes in these areas. Increased necromass inputs combined with changes in composition and structure of vegetation may result in increased rates of decomposition of organic matter, transferring carbon to the soil compartment and increasing soil carbon stocks. Considering both “hard” edges adjacent to deforestation and “soft” edges in logging areas, the soil-carbon increase we measured implies an absorption of 6 × 106 MgC in Brazilian Amazonia. In hard edges maintained for ∼30 years, the soil-carbon increase offsets 8.3% of the carbon losses from “biomass collapse” in the first 100 m from a clearing. Soil carbon did not change significantly in 63 forest-interior plots, suggesting that global climate change has not yet had a detectible effect on this forest carbon compartment.

A forest edge at the Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project near Manaus, Brazil. Dead trees and reduced biomass are evident. Soil carbon dynamics in forest near these edges is affected by hotter and dryer microclimate, increased input of necromass and increased decomposition rates. Over a 30-year period, soil carbon gain counteracts 8.3% of above-ground carbon loss from “biomass collapse”. Deforestation patterns in Amazonia create vast areas of forest edges, but carbon-stock changes from edge effects are frequently omitted from calculations of greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and degradation in tropical forests.235

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Forest Ecology and Management - Volume 379, 1 November 2016, Pages 30-36
نویسندگان
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