کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
6471267 1424117 2017 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Hierarchical Polyaniline Spikes over Vegetable Oil derived Carbon Aerogel for Solid-State Symmetric/Asymmetric Supercapacitor
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی مهندسی شیمی (عمومی)
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Hierarchical Polyaniline Spikes over Vegetable Oil derived Carbon Aerogel for Solid-State Symmetric/Asymmetric Supercapacitor
چکیده انگلیسی

Herein, we report an environment friendly methodology for the synthesis of carbon aerogel (CA) using bio-mass (mustard oil) as precursor. The synthesis process is highly reproducible and economical yet devoid of any sophisticated procedure and hazardous organic/inorganic chemicals. Exfoliated graphitic planes of carbon beads with enhanced inter-planer spacing are observed in synthesized CA with low bulk density (0.144 g cm−3) and high specific surface area (1032 m2 g−1). The CA comprises of meso/microporosity with open pore microstructure. Symmetric supercapacitor cell (CA║CA) is fabricated to test the capacitive performance of CA in H2SO4-polyvinyl alcohol (H2SO4-PVA) gel as electrolyte. The CA║CA cell exhibits nearly symmetrical voltammograms up to working potential window of 2 V and impedance response demonstrates phase angle ∼80° indicating highly capacitive behavior. Polyaniline (PANI) spikes are further synthesized over CA using chemical oxidative polymerization route to introduce pseudocapacitive characteristics in addition to double layer capacitance. Solid-state symmetric (CA-PANI║CA-PANI) and asymmetric (CA║CA-PANI) supercapacitor cells are fabricated to examine the electrochemical performance. Fabricated CA║CA-PANI supercapacitor cell exhibits remarkable high power density (7.9 kW kg−1) and high energy density (55.6 Wh kg−1). The CA║CA-PANI cell is capable to power a light-emitting diode (LED) bulb effectively for 3.5 min by assembling two supercapacitors (1 × 1 cm2).

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ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Electrochimica Acta - Volume 240, 20 June 2017, Pages 146-154
نویسندگان
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