|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|6471413||1424124||2017||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
- Polymer electrolytes based on bacterial cellulose are produced.
- Preferential protonic conductivity along the membrane plane is observed.
- The conductivity anisotropy decreases in wet conditions.
- Effect of anisotropy is mitigated in fuel cells running on humidified air/H2.
- Amongst highest fuel cell performance for a biopolymer-based polyelectrolyte.
The effect of the preferential orientation of supporting bacterial cellulose (BC) nanofibrils on the conductivity of composite proton conducting electrolytes with poly(4-styrene sulfonic acid) (PSSA) is reported. Data obtained by impedance spectroscopy show that the in-plane conductivity at 40% relative humidity (RH) is more than half order of magnitude higher than that measured through-plane, indicating significant discontinuity of proton transport at the PSSA/BC interface. The difference becomes less than 20% in nearly saturated conditions (98% RH), demonstrating the key role of water in ensuring proton transport through those interfaces. The negative impact of the conductivity anisotropy in fuel cell performance is mitigated due to operation in wet conditions and fuel cell tests of PSSA/BC-based membrane electrode assemblies under humidified hydrogen/air gradients at room temperature yield 40 mW cm-2 at 125Â mA cm-2, which is amongst the highest values reported for a biopolymer-based electrolyte. It also results from the presented investigation that conventional electrode preparation used for thermoplastic polymer electrolytes must be modified in order to ensure proper adhesion to BC-based MEAs and thus to lower polarization losses.
Journal: Electrochimica Acta - Volume 233, 10 April 2017, Pages 52-61