کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
6476559 1425385 2017 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Behaviors of coking and radicals during reaction of volatiles generated from fixed-bed pyrolysis of a lignite and a subbituminous coal
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
رفتار کک و رادیکال ها در طی واکنش های ناشی از فریزر ثابت لرنیت یک لجن و یک ذغال سنگ زیربستمونی
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی مهندسی شیمی (عمومی)
چکیده انگلیسی


- Reaction of volatiles from pyrolysis of lignite and subbituminous coal forms coke.
- The volatile-formed coke of bituminous coal has more radicals than that of lignite.
- Coke formed on wall is low at 440 °C but high at temperatures higher than 650 °C.
- The g value and linewidth of radicals in coke decrease with increasing temperature.
- Decreases in g value and linewidth show coke condensation with losses in O and H.

The reaction of volatiles generated from coal during pyrolysis determines the yield and quality of products. To understand this reaction in detail particularly on the condensation reaction that forms coke, this paper studies the reaction of volatiles generated from a lignite and a subbituminous coal using a two-stage fix-bed reactor, with the first stage for coal pyrolysis and the second stage for reaction of volatiles. The yields of tar, gas and coke formed on the wall and presented in tar at a second-stage temperature range of 440-700 °C and a residence time range of 1.5-6.9 s are quantified. The concentration, g value and linewidth of radicals in tars, mainly in coke presented in tars, are measured by electron spin resonance (ESR) and discussed to explore the transformation of coke in structure. It is found that the reactions of volatiles generated from the lignite and the subbituminous coal are different in the temperature range studied but the structure of coke formed in these two volatiles differs mainly at temperatures lower than 600 °C. The proportion of coke formed on the reactor wall is small at 440 °C, but large at 650 and 700 °C, close to 50% in 4.2 s. The increase in concentration and decreases in g value and linewidth of radicals with increasing temperature over time suggest that the coke undergoes condensation, leading to loss in oxygen and increase in aromaticity.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Fuel Processing Technology - Volume 161, 15 June 2017, Pages 304-310
نویسندگان
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