کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
6604888 1424098 2018 38 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Electrochemical study of gold recovery from ammoniacal thiosulfate, simulating the PCBs leaching of mobile phones
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی مهندسی شیمی (عمومی)
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Electrochemical study of gold recovery from ammoniacal thiosulfate, simulating the PCBs leaching of mobile phones
چکیده انگلیسی
The high volume of sales and the high degree of obsolescence of mobile phones, together with the reduction of the natural reserves of the metals used in the composition of their printed circuit boards (PCBs), makes the recycling of these devices economically and environmentally attractive. Moreover, the search for the reduction of toxicity levels inherent to the gold leaching processes with alternatives to cyanide, such as thiosulfate is a priority. Thus, it is necessary to search for efficient alternatives for the recovery of gold from solutions containing thiosulfate, in the presence of copper, used in the leaching of PCBs of mobile phones. One of these alternatives could be the electrochemical recovery of the metals present in solution. Thus, this study aimed to verify some variables involved in the process of recovery of gold and copper and to determine the electrochemical yield obtained for these solutions. Initially, cyclic scanning voltammetry with a rotating disk electrode (RDE) was performed to verify the electrochemical behavior of gold and copper in solution. Then, electrowinning tests were used to determine the recovery rates of these metals and to calculate the yield obtained in the process. The results showed that this electrochemical reaction is mass transport controlled, which allowed the calculation of the diffusion coefficients of the metal in solution. In real solutions, the gold fraction recovered reached a 94%, and the copper fraction recovered was 95%, applying electrode potential values of −500 mVAg/AgCl and −700 mVAg/AgCl, respectively. The current efficiency for the gold electrowinning achieved in the experiments was lower than 3%.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Electrochimica Acta - Volume 259, 1 January 2018, Pages 500-509
نویسندگان
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