کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
768261 1462956 2016 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Failure of alloy steel socket-head cap screws used in offshore oil production
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
خرابی پیچ های درپوش سر سوکت فولادی آلیاژی مورد استفاده در تولید نفت دریایی
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه سایر رشته های مهندسی مهندسی صنعتی و تولید
چکیده انگلیسی


• Screws under cathodic protection were susceptible to hydrogen induced cracking.
• High density of inclusions, including elongated sulphides, was observed.
• The maximum limit of 0.04%S is too high for low alloy steels under cathodic protection.
• The failure occurred by fatigue mechanism, also aided by inclusions.

Low alloy quenched and tempered steels are widely used as screws and studs. In this work screws of AISI 4140 steel were used to bolt the Christma's tree to his cap in offshore oil and gas production. In the moment of the cap re-motion to perform a routine maintenance five 1″ screws failed. The screws worked under cathodic protection, which means that they must have undergone hydrogen pick-up. The investigation showed that the screws had been correctly heat treated by quenching and high temperature tempering, but the sulfur content and the level of inclusions were too high. As a consequence, the screws were highly susceptible to hydrogen induced cracking (HIC). On the other hand, the analysis of the fracture surface revealed that the main cracking mechanism was fatigue. The main recommendation resulted from this work is that the specification for new screws for this kind of service must be more restrictive to sulfur and inclusions contents.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Engineering Failure Analysis - Volume 70, December 2016, Pages 16–21
نویسندگان
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