|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|77545||49285||2016||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Al-doped ZnO nanorods are grown onto a Ga-doped ZnO film using a hydrothermal method.
• Al-doped ZnO nanorods change the electrical contact from Schottky to Ohmic.
• Al-doped ZnO nanorods having tapered shape reduce the surface total reflectance.
• SAM-treated Al-doped ZnO nanorods show the self-cleanable performance.
• Multi-functional window layer improves photovoltaic efficiency in a thin film solar cell.
A simple strategy, based on the Al-doped ZnO nanorods (NRs), to get an antireflective, self-cleanable and electrical conductive window layer for the thin film solar cell was demonstrated. The length and diameter of Al-doped ZnO NRs were optimized by controlling Al precursor concentration and growth time and an average reflectance of 2.9% was achieved. Al-doped ZnO NRs simultaneously having the rugged surface morphology with the micrometer- and nanometer-scale roughness also exhibited superhydrophobicity and extremely small water contact angle (WCA) hysteresis below Δ1° after treatment of hydrophobic self-assembled monolayer (SAM). Finally, in spite of the existence of the SAM, the enhancement of the electrical contact with silver from Schottky to Ohmic for various Al doping concentrations was confirmed. Self-cleanable and electrically conductive antireflecting layer introduced in this work would be expected to increase photovoltaic efficiency in a thin film solar cell.
Journal: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells - Volume 150, June 2016, Pages 65–70