کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
85994 159156 2016 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Some positive effects of the fragmentation of holm oak forests: Attenuation of water stress and enhancement of acorn production
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
برخی از اثرات مثبت تکه شدن جنگل های بلوط هلم: کاهش استرس آب و افزایش تولید بلوط
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک بوم شناسی، تکامل، رفتار و سامانه شناسی
چکیده انگلیسی


• Forest fragmentation reduces tree-to-tree competition for water resources.
• Reduced competition entails enhanced acorn production at small forest fragments.
• Local conditions, like fragmentation, may override climatic effects on acorn crops.
• Positive effects of fragmentation need to be scaled up temporally and spatially.

The effects of fragmentation on acorn production should be mediated by their impacts on the physiological status of oaks during seed development particularly in water-limited systems, such as Mediterranean forests. The creation of forests edges reduces tree-to-tree competition, which may in turn temper water shortage during summer and, as a result, enhance acorn production. To test these two hypotheses we monitored acorn production and predawn water potential during the 2012–2014 period in two holm oak (Quercus ilex) forest archipelagos of the Iberian Peninsula.Acorn production and fragmentation effects did not differ between localities despite of their contrasting climatic conditions (accumulated water deficit from April to August was a 60% higher in the South). In general, forest interiors showed a high proportion of non-producing trees (∼50%) while trees at small forest fragments showed high acorn crops (acorn score ⩾3, ∼40% of studied trees). Our results confirmed the expectation that intraspecific competition in small forest fragments was reduced, which alleviated summer water shortage of the trees studied. This reduced water stress entailed an increased acorn production. Overall, our results show that local processes such as fragmentation may counteract climatic differences among localities and could even override the impacts of increased aridity on acorn crops.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Forest Ecology and Management - Volume 370, 15 June 2016, Pages 22–30
نویسندگان
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