کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
8970759 1552155 2005 13 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Shallow ground water nitrate-N and ammonium-N in cropland and riparian buffers
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک علوم زراعت و اصلاح نباتات
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Shallow ground water nitrate-N and ammonium-N in cropland and riparian buffers
چکیده انگلیسی
The extent of nutrient reduction in shallow ground water flow between cropland and riparian buffers in the Northeast is not well established, yet there is an increasing need to quantify such reductions. A four-year project was initiated in 2002 to determine the relative effectiveness of riparian buffers on reducing nutrients in soil water and shallow ground water flow from adjacent cropland. The main objective of this study was to determine if shallow ground water nitrate nitrogen (NO3-N) and ammonium nitrogen (NH4-N) concentrations differed among cropland (hay or corn), restored riparian buffers (grass and Salix-grass), and established forested riparian buffers. Sixteen paired ground water monitoring wells were established in cropland and riparian buffers at two agricultural research sites during July 2002 and July 2003. Samples of ground water, tile drainage water, and stream water were collected approximately monthly over the 2003 field season and analyzed for NO3-N and NH4-N concentration. Average NO3-N concentration across sites was significantly lower in buffers for each sampling. Average NH4-N concentration was consistently higher beneath buffers, and decreased markedly over the sampling period. Soil drainage, as indexed by depth to water table, was significantly correlated with NO3-N concentrations among cropland and buffer wells at individual sites. We hypothesize that this reflects the relationship between soil drainage and its direct impact on both NO3-N leaching and denitrification potentials across the landscape. Forested buffers had the lowest average NO3-N, highest NH4-N, and the highest water table. Cropland soils with appreciable NO3-N in ground water adjoining riparian buffers on outwash deposits were ineffective at reducing NO3-N. Consistent NO3-N reductions occurred between cropland and buffers where ground water flowed from moderately well and well drained cropland to poorly drained riparian buffer soils.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment - Volume 109, Issues 3–4, 1 September 2005, Pages 297-309
نویسندگان
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