کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
91147 159750 2015 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Assessing the decadal impact of China's sloping land conversion program on household income under enrollment and earning differentiation
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
بررسی تاثیر دهه های برنامه تبدیل زمین شیب دار چین در درآمد خانوار تحت ثبت نام و تمایز کسب درآمد
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خدمات تولید محتوا

این مقاله ISI می تواند منبع ارزشمندی برای تولید محتوا باشد.

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تولید محتوا
با 10 درصد تخفیف ویژه دانشیاری
کلمات کلیدی
ترمیم زیست محیطی؛ پرداخت برای خدمات اکوسیستم؛ انتقال نیروی کار؛ تغییر درآمد خانوار؛ کاهش فقر؛ رگرسیون چندک
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک جنگلداری
چکیده انگلیسی


• The more land was retired, the more subsidy received, and the greater labor transferred.
• The area enrolled had a more positive income effect on all households during the early years.
• The same effect was significant only on those households in the lower income quantiles later.
• Greater land retirement and labor transfer led to larger decrease in farming income.
• These changes also resulted in much larger gains in off-farm and total income.

This study hypothesizes that the income levels of households are affected by their different areas enrolled in the Sloping Land Conversion Program, the local economic condition, and the statuses of their previous earnings. We test these relationships by running quantile regressions with data collected from 182 households in the Loess Plateau region covering the period of 1998–2011. We find that the more cropland was retired, the more subsidy was received, and the more labor was set free from farming, which, in turn, led to a larger decrease in farming income but a much larger gain in off-farm income. Further, the area enrolled had a more positive effect during 1998–2004 than that during 2006–2011 on all households; and the positive effect was significant only on those households of the 0.25th and 0.50th income quantiles later. Also, the proportion of off-farm labor to total labor, the off-farm work time, and the local GDP per capita had a larger income effect in the later sub-period, especially for households in the 0.75th and 0.90th income quantiles. These results carry major implications in terms of how to reduce poverty and increase income in ecologically fragile regions in and outside of China and how to assess the effect and effectiveness of any ecological conservation program.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Forest Policy and Economics - Volume 61, December 2015, Pages 95–103
نویسندگان
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