کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
9487394 1628493 2005 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Effects of processing techniques on the natural colourings and the other functional constituents in virgin olive oil
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک دانش تغذیه
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Effects of processing techniques on the natural colourings and the other functional constituents in virgin olive oil
چکیده انگلیسی
The effects of two new enzyme processing aids, Bioliva and Rapidase adex D, and that of the olive paste malaxation temperature factor on the composition of natural colourings (chlorophylls, xanthophylls, and carotenes) and the chromatic parameters (chroma, brightness, and hue) have been investigated in virgin olive oils. Other major analytical variables (secoiridoid derivatives, tocopherols, volatiles, sensory scoring, oxidative stability, and glycerides) have also been evaluated. The analysed oil samples were obtained by processing in the experimental oil mill at an industrial level three olive varieties (Caroleo, Leccino, and Dritta). The two enzyme complexes (Rapidase adex D more markedly) affected the values of green and yellow pigments and colour index, as well as the profile of other functional analytical fractions, owing to their effective action on the hypoderm and parenchyma tissues of the fruits. This resulted in an enhanced release of lipochromes and other bioactive non-glyceridic compounds and in a greater accumulation of them into the oil phase. Increasing malaxation temperatures in the range of 20-30 °C resulted in an increase of the concentrations of lipochromes and other functional unsaponifiable components (excluding volatiles) in the oils. An increase of the temperature to 35 °C did not enhance the level of these compounds. On the contrary, the oxidation and other degrading processes might be accelerated.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Food Research International - Volume 38, Issues 8–9, October–November 2005, Pages 873-878
نویسندگان
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