کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
100691 1422278 2016 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Offenders with Cognitive Deficits in a Canadian Prison Population: Prevalence, Profile, and Outcomes
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
مجرم با کاهش حافظه در جمعیت زندانی کانادا: شیوع، مشخصات و نتایج
کلمات کلیدی
نقص های شناختی؛ مجرم؛ تکرار جرم؛ تنظیم نهادی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی پزشکی قانونی
چکیده انگلیسی

Impaired cognitive function has been associated with criminal behavior. In Canada it is unknown the extent to which this disorder affects federal inmates or its impact on key correctional outcomes. In this study, 488 incoming male offenders were assessed on the Cognistat, a neuropsychological screening tool. Twenty-five percent of offenders were found to have some level of cognitive deficit. Lower levels of educational achievement, unstable employment history, learning disability, serious alcohol problems, and symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) were significantly associated with the presence of cognitive deficits in this sample. Although there was a significant trend for offenders with cognitive deficits to have more admissions to segregation, level of cognitive deficit was not consistently related to rates of institutional charges or rates of completion of required correctional programs. On release, cognitive deficits were not related to returns to custody or returns to custody with an offence. These results indicate that while offenders with cognitive deficits may require assistance with educational upgrading and employment to improve their reintegration potential, they do not pose a particular management problem in the community after release relative to offenders without cognitive deficits.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry - Volume 44, January–February 2016, Pages 7–14
نویسندگان
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