|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|101604||161284||2016||4 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Very high prevalence of alcohol use (79%) is seen among the fishermen in the study setting.
• Of those fishermen who consume alcohol, 89% of them consume it when they are on board and involved in fishing activity.
• Fisherman start alcohol use at very younger age (Median age of initiation: 21 years).
• Fishermen prefer hard liquor, Brandy (74%).
• Having a family member with alcohol use is independently associated with alcohol use among the fishermen.
IntroductionThough studies from western world have reported high prevalence of alcohol use among fishermen, there is lack of information from developing world. Hence this study was carried out among fishermen in a coastal area of southern India to 1) determine the prevalence of alcohol use among fishermen 2) describe the pattern of alcohol use 3) identify factors associated with alcohol use.MethodsA community based cross-sectional study was carried out among fishermen in a coastal village of Puducherry, India. House to hose survey was conducted, fishermen aged above 18 years and involved in catching fish at least once in last three months, were included. Data on age, marital status, education, monthly income, duration in fishing occupation, owning a boat or wager, frequency of fishing per month/week, number of hours spent in sea, alcohol use in past one year, age at initiation, type of alcohol drink and presence of alcohol users in family.ResultsIn total, 304 participants were interviewed. Mean (SD) age of the participants was 41 (11) and 82% were involved in fishing for more than 10 years. Of 304 participants, 241 (79%) reported alcohol use in past one year. Of 241 participants who used alcohol, 89% reported alcohol consumption during fishing activity. In multivariate analysis, alcohol use in other family members was independently associated with alcohol use (aRR 21.4; 95% CI 6.8–67.4).ConclusionVery high prevalence of alcohol use is seen among fishermen. Of those who consume alcohol, nine out of ten use during fishing activities.
Journal: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - Volume 42, August 2016, Pages 41–44