|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|101628||161286||2016||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Bite mark injuries were safely and reliably replicated on human volunteers.
• Time related changes in injury pattern were clearly visible with this technique.
• Photographing injuries in this way gives context to size and anatomical location.
• There is a potential future benefit to presentation of injury evidence in a court setting.
IntroductionHuman bite marks are often sustained during sexual, domestic or child abuse. Currently, analysis of these marks involves digital photography techniques along with an expert forensic odontologist opinion. Photographs often focus closely on the bite mark and give little context to the anatomical location of the injury. Due to variation in camera models and expertise of the photographer, photograph quality can affect its interpretation. Additionally, it can sometimes be days between injury and examination, allowing the injury pattern and colour to alter, making it harder to analyse.AimTo investigate if a 3D imaging technique, creating a time-lapse image of a bite mark in three dimensions, can provide context to the injury in terms of nature and location, and also allow analysis of the change in appearance of a bite mark over time.MethodParticipants had an experimental bite mark produced on their forearm by dental casts mounted on a dental articulator. The forearms were photographed immediately following the bite, and at intervals of 3, 6, 24, 48, 72 and 96 h. A DI3D® (Dimensional Imaging 3D) photogrammetry system and Autodesk Maya 2015® software was used to create a 3D animation from the images obtained. The clearest, long lasting bite mark injuries were selected for animation, enabling the 3D imaging technique to be used optimally.Results3D time-lapse animations were successfully created with the ability to be viewed on most electronic devices. With further refinement this technique could be valuable in a number of areas. We anticipate animations produced in this way to have significant benefit to the presentation of photographic evidence in a court setting, and in age estimation of injuries.
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Journal: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - Volume 40, May 2016, Pages 34–39