|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|101636||161287||2016||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
• Road traffic accident is an alarming problem and the second-leading cause of death in Jordan.
• There is a strong association between Alcohol and psychotropic drugs and accident involvement.
• The presence of drug and/or alcohol, and was relatively the highest among Pedestrians.
• The young drivers are more commonly vulnerable to road traffic accident involvement.
• Physicians should concentrate their advice for drivers and other patients about psychotropic drugs
ObjectiveSeveral studies confirmed alcohol and psychotropic drug consumption as important risk factors underlying fatal accidents. This paper presents updated toxicological findings in the fatalities of road traffic accidents of Amman district, in order to have an overall picture of the occurrence of these substances in these victims in Jordan.MethodOver a seven-year period (2008–2014), 2743, autopsies were conducted at Jordan University Hospital in which the sum of n = 311 (11.38%) were victims of road traffic accidents. Blood samples from these victims were collected. Toxicology screening for psychotropic drugs and alcohol was conducted on these samples, and the results were analyzed according to age, sex and victim's status.ResultsThis study revealed that Alcohol and psychotropic drugs were positive in 36.5%, (n = 58) of the cases, and for alcohol alone (n = 13, 37.1%). The majority of the victims were pedestrians (n = 155, 49.8%). Additionally, 29.6% (n = 92) of the cases were of ages 19–29. Detected psychotropic drugs were benzodiazepines, barbiturates. None of the collected specimens were positive for illicit cocaine, amphetamines or cannabis.ConclusionsThe results from this study proved the existence of alcohol and psychotropic drugs in the victims of road traffic accidents; Indicating an association between the uses of these substances in accident involvement. Though having some limitations, other conclusions require further data collection, cooperation with related parties in Jordan, and utilizing simple extended toxicological screens.
Journal: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - Volume 39, April 2016, Pages 130–134