|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|101719||161290||2016||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• The focus of this study was the physical abuse of children.
• Corporal punishment and children's exposure to violence between caregivers were compared.
• Statistically significant differences were found between the two motives.
• Forensic medicine can significantly help prevent the recurrence of such abuses.
• Thus, accurate diagnosis and prevention of intrafamilial physical abuse of children can be achieved.
Any intervention involving child victims of intrafamilial abuse must take the alleged underlying motives for the abuse into account. The aim of this study is to further our understanding of intrafamilial physical abuse of children, by comparing its various aspects while considering the alleged underlying motives. A preliminary sample of 1656 cases of alleged physical abuse in the northern region of Portugal was analysed, with two main motives being identified: corporal punishment (CP) (G1 = 927) and exposure to violence between caregivers (EVC) (G2 = 308). Statistically significant differences were found between the two motives (p < 0.05) for the following variables: (1) age of the alleged victims, (2) sex of the alleged abuser, (3) risk factors affecting the alleged abuser, (4) abuser/victim relationship, (5) injury-producing mechanism, (6) time between last abuse and forensic medical examination and (7) location of injuries. Evidence-based knowledge of these differences may help in accurate diagnosis by doctors (particularly forensic physicians) and prevention of this type of violence through support strategies (including tertiary prevention strategies).
Journal: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - Volume 38, February 2016, Pages 11–17