|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|101734||161290||2016||4 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Identification of fatal anaphylaxis is challenging in forensic pathology.
• Mast cell tryptase can be measured in postmortem serum days after death.
• Histology and immunohistochemistry usefulness may be limited by decomposition.
• Mast cells in the spleen may be identified in cases with mild decomposition.
Eosinophil and activated mast cell identification in the spleen combined with mast cell tryptase determination in postmortem serum may diagnose fatal anaphylaxis with a high degree of certainty. Mast cell tryptase measurement and significance in corpses with decompositional changes remains however an issue of controversy. Analogously, immunohistochemistry in corpses with decompositional changes may be influenced by several mechanisms, including protein alteration, antigen diffusion and unspecific antibody binding to disrupted protein structures. The authors present an autopsy case involving a 55-year-old woman who unintentionally received clarithromycin. Due to difficult in administrative procedures, the postmortem examination was performed 96 h after death. Mast cell tryptase was measured in postmortem serum from femoral, aortic and right heart blood. The obtained results were consistent with mast cell activation. Histochemistry (Pagoda Red) and immunohistochemistry (anti-tryptase antibodies) allowed splenic eosinophils and mast cells to be detected. Based on the results of all postmortem investigations, the hypothesis of anaphylaxis following accidental clarithromycin administration was formulated.
Journal: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - Volume 38, February 2016, Pages 97–100