|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1162794||1490897||2016||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
• Novel method of carbon fiber microelectrode activation and platinization using spark discharge.
• The activation procedure is efficient, fast and solvent-free.
• Modification of the surface and the shape of the carbon fiber microelectrode during the process.
• The spark-etched platinized carbon fiber sensors are highly sensitive.
• The sensor was successfully applied to HPLC analysis of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2′-deoxyguanosine in plasma and urine.
A novel method of carbon fiber microelectrode activation using spark discharge was demonstrated and compared to conventional electrochemical pretreatment by potential cycling. The spark discharge was performed at 800 V between the microelectrode connected to positive pole of the power supply and platinum counter electrode. Spark discharge led both to trimming of the fiber tip into conical shape and to the modification of carbon fiber microelectrode with platinum, as proven by scanning electron microscopy and electron dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. After the characterization of electrochemical properties using ferricyanide voltammetry, the activated electrodes were used for electrochemical analysis of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2′-deoxyguanosine, an oxidative stress marker. Subnanomolar detection limits (0.55 nmol L−1) in high-performance liquid chromatography were achieved for spark platinized electrodes incorporated into the flow detection cell.
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Journal: Analytica Chimica Acta - Volume 935, 7 September 2016, Pages 82–89