|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|141354||162858||2016||23 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
We update complementary learning systems (CLS) theory, which holds that intelligent agents must possess two learning systems, instantiated in mammalians in neocortex and hippocampus. The first gradually acquires structured knowledge representations while the second quickly learns the specifics of individual experiences. We broaden the role of replay of hippocampal memories in the theory, noting that replay allows goal-dependent weighting of experience statistics. We also address recent challenges to the theory and extend it by showing that recurrent activation of hippocampal traces can support some forms of generalization and that neocortical learning can be rapid for information that is consistent with known structure. Finally, we note the relevance of the theory to the design of artificial intelligent agents, highlighting connections between neuroscience and machine learning.
TrendsDiscovery of structure in ensembles of experiences depends on an interleaved learning process both in biological neural networks in neocortex and in contemporary artificial neural networks.Recent work shows that once structured knowledge has been acquired in such networks, new consistent information can be integrated rapidly.Both natural and artificial learning systems benefit from a second system that stores specific experiences, centred on the hippocampus in mammalians.Replay of experiences from this system supports interleaved learning and can be modulated by reward or novelty, which acts to rebalance the general statistics of the environment towards the goals of the agent.Recurrent activation of multiple memories within an instance-based system can be used to discover links between experiences, supporting generalization and memory-based reasoning.
Journal: - Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2016, Pages 512–534