|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1553095||1513217||2015||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Cu2O crystals with average sizes ranging from 25 to 282 nm were synthesized.
• Concentration of PVP and acid ions has great influences on the final morphologies.
• Morphologies were less dependent on the concentration of NO3− compared with Ac−.
• Self-assembly of Cu2O crystals was observed through a route of 0D → 2D → 3D.
• Cu2O nanospheres exhibit better adsorption ability toward MO than AC does.
Cu2O crystals with different morphologies (solid and porous) and sizes (from 25 to 282 nm) were synthesized controllably through a facile solvothermal route. The growth mechanism was investigated by SEM and TEM with varying the concentration of poly (vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP, K30), CH3COO− (Ac−) and NO3− acid ions in the precursor solution. The self-assembly of three types of Cu2O nano-structures was observed through a general route of zero-dimensional (0D) → 2D → 3D. When Cu(Ac)2⋅H2O was used as the copper sources, 0D Cu2O nanodots with size of 2–7 nm were firstly assembled to 2D quasi-spherical and bookmark-like structures via Oriented attachment (OA), and then converted into 3D hierarchical Cu2O nanoclusters (a few tens of nm) and porous sub-microspheres with an average size of 282 nm, respectively. While Cu(NO3)2⋅3H2O was used instead of Cu(Ac)2⋅H2O, the similar assembly process occurred leading to the formation of Cu2O porous nanospheres of 40–140 nm which exhibit better adsorption ability toward methyl orange compared with activated carbon. In addition, we also investigated the dependence of Cu2O crystals on the concentration of acid ions (Ac− and NO3−). Compared with Ac−, the size and morphology of the obtained products were less dependent on the concentration of NO3− acid ions. This study might provide a new insight into the growth mechanism of Cu2O based micro- or nanostructures.
The growth mechanism of porous Cu2O nanospheres was revealed successfully, which involved a self-assembly process from nanodots (0D) to nanosheets (2D) and nanospheres (3D).Figure optionsDownload as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Superlattices and Microstructures - Volume 84, August 2015, Pages 181–191