|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|184256||459571||2015||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Porous silica films were studied by cyclic voltammetry and positron annihilation.
• Highly interconnected pores were formed in the film fabricated with more CTAB.
• Aligned nanochannels were observed in the porous flim prepared with 25 wt.% CTAB.
• I− and Ps diffusion in the films was governed by pore interconnectivity/morphology.
• Cyclic voltammetry is feasible to explore pore interconnectivity/morphology.
Cyclic voltammetry and positronium (Ps) 3γ-annihilation spectroscopy were applied to investigate pore interconnectivity/morphology of porous silica films fabricated with various loading of cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB). With increasing the ratio of CTAB up to 15 wt.%, the total charge Q, resulted from I− diffusion across the silica films, increased remarkably, indicative of formation of highly interconnected pores in the films prepared with more porogen. However, it decreased dramatically with further loading CTAB of 25 wt.%. Interestingly, 3γ-annihilation fraction I3γ due to a triplet-state Ps (ortho-positronium, o-Ps) emission from the silica films showed a similar behavior as a function of CTAB loading. The abnormal decrement in Q and I3γ in the film fabricated with 25 wt.% CTAB was well explained by formation of long nanochannels aligning parallel to the film surface. The results indicated that the total charge Q and Ps 3γ-annihilation fraction were closely associated with I− and Ps diffusion governed by the pore interconnectivity/morphology of the silica films, which made cyclic voltammetry possible to be a feasible tool to characterize pore interconnectivity/morphology of porous thin films.
Journal: Electrochimica Acta - Volume 168, 20 June 2015, Pages 365–369