|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1953157||1057253||2006||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
The antioxidant activity of tannic acid (TA), a plant polyphenol claimed to possess antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic activities, was studied by monitoring (i) 2-deoxyribose degradation (a technique for OH detection), (ii) ascorbate oxidation, (iii) ascorbate radical formation (determined by EPR analysis) and (iv) oxygen uptake induced by the system, which comprised Fe(III) complexes (EDTA, nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) or citrate as co-chelators), ascorbate and oxygen. TA removes Fe(III) from the co-chelators (in the case of EDTA, this removal is slower than with NTA or citrate), forming an iron–TA complex less capable of oxidizing ascorbate into ascorbate radical or mediating 2-deoxyribose degradation. The effectiveness of TA against 2-deoxyribose degradation, ascorbate oxidation and ascorbate radical formation was substantially higher in the presence of iron–NTA (or iron–citrate) than with iron–EDTA, which is consistent with the known formation constants of the iron complexes with the co-chelators. Oxygen uptake and 2-deoxyribose degradation induced by Fe(II) autoxidation were also inhibited by TA. These results indicate that TA inhibits OH formation induced by Fe(III)/ascorbate/O2 mainly by arresting Fe(III)-induced ascorbate oxidation and Fe(II) autoxidation (which generates Fe(II) and H2O2, respectively), thus limiting the production of Fenton reagents and OH formation. We also hypothesize that the Fe(II) complex with TA exhibits an OH trapping activity, which explains the effect of TA on the Fenton reaction.
Journal: Biochimie - Volume 88, Issue 9, September 2006, Pages 1287–1296