|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|210954||461736||2009||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
A systematic study was undertaken to investigate the effects of the initial oxidation degree of iron on the bulk phase composition and reduction/carburization behaviors of a Fe–Mn–K/SiO2 catalyst prepared from ferrous sulfate. The catalyst samples were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Mössbauer spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and H2 (or CO) temperature-programmed reduction (TPR). The Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FTS) performance of the catalysts was studied in a slurry-phase continuously stirred tank reactor (CSTR). The characterization results indicated that the fresh catalysts are mainly composed of α-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4, and the crystallite size of iron oxides is decreased with the increase of the initial oxidation degree of iron. The catalyst with high content of α-Fe2O3 in its as-prepared state has high content of iron carbides after being reduced in syngas. However, the catalyst with high content of Fe3O4 in its as-prepared state cannot be easily carburized in CO and syngas. FTS reaction study indicates that Fe-05 (Fe3+/Fetotal = 1.0) has the highest CO conversion, whereas Fe-03 (Fe3+/Fetotal = 0.55) has the lowest activity. The catalyst with high CO conversion has a high selectivity to gaseous hydrocarbons (C1–C4) and low selectivity to heavy hydrocarbons (C5+).
Journal: Fuel Processing Technology - Volume 90, Issue 10, October 2009, Pages 1247–1251