|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2516110||1118692||2017||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
In this study we tested the hypothesis that pyrethroid insecticides inhibit calcineurin directly and that inhibition is unaffected by the immunophilin cofactors necessary for calcineurin inhibition by cyclosporin A and FK506. The type II pyrethroid insecticides cis-cypermethrin (c-Cyp), trans-cypermethrin, deltamethrin (Delt), and fenvalerate Aα (Fen), as well as the type I pyrethroid insecticides cis- and trans-permethrin and S-bioallethrin, were unable to inhibit the phosphatase activity of purified calcineurin under conditions of maximal activation by Ca2+ and calmodulin. Furthermore, c-Cyp, Delt, and Fen did not affect the Ca2+ dependence of calcineurin at 0.1 μM of calmodulin, indicating that Ca2+ binding to calmodulin was not affected by these agents. c-Cyp, Delt, and Fen also failed to inhibit calcineurin phosphatase activity in rat brain supernatant and cultured IMR-32 cells, although potent inhibition was displayed by both cyclosporin A and FK506 in each of these systems. Neither the Ca2+-dependent nor the okadaic acid-inhibitable phosphatase activity toward a 24-amino acid 32P-phospho-peptide substrate was affected by any of the pyrethroid insecticides, indicating that neither type-1 or type-2A phosphatase nor calcineurin is inhibited by pyrethroids. To determine if these results were dependent upon experimental conditions, experiments were repeated using polyethylene glycol-treated glass tubes in place of the standard polypropylene tubes. Regardless of the type of tube, no inhibition of calcineurin by any of the pyrethroid insecticides was observed. These data indicate that the pyrethroid insecticides are not effective inhibitors of calcineurin or other phosphatases.
Journal: Biochemical Pharmacology - Volume 55, Issue 12, 15 June 1998, Pages 2017–2022