کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
2652111 1139586 2015 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
What impact did a Paediatric Early Warning system have on emergency admissions to the paediatric intensive care unit? An observational cohort study
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
سیستم تشخیص زودهنگام اطفال چه تأثیری بر پذیرش اورژانسی به بخش مراقبت های ویژه اطفال گذاشت؟ یک مطالعه کوهورت مشاهده شده
کلمات کلیدی
کودک؛ زوال؛ اضطراری؛ کودکان؛ هشدار اولیه در کودکان؛ کودکان؛ PEW؛ PICU؛ ورود غیرقانونی به PICU
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی بیهوشی و پزشکی درد
چکیده انگلیسی

SummaryThe ideology underpinning Paediatric Early Warning systems (PEWs) is that earlier recognition of deteriorating in-patients would improve clinical outcomes.ObjectiveTo explore how the introduction of PEWs at a tertiary children's hospital affects emergency admissions to the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) and the impact on service delivery. To compare ‘in-house’ emergency admissions to PICU with ‘external’ admissions transferred from District General Hospitals (without PEWs).MethodA before-and-after observational study August 2005–July 2006 (pre), August 2006–July 2007 (post) implementation of PEWs at the tertiary children's hospital.ResultsThe median Paediatric Index of Mortality (PIM2) reduced; 0.44 vs 0.60 (p < 0.001). Fewer admissions required invasive ventilation 62.7% vs 75.2% (p = 0.015) for a shorter median duration; four to two days. The median length of PICU stay reduced; five to three days (p = 0.002). There was a non-significant reduction in mortality (p = 0.47). There was no comparable improvement in outcome seen in external emergency admissions to PICU. A 39% reduction in emergency admission total beds days reduced cancellation of major elective surgical cases and refusal of external PICU referrals.ConclusionsFollowing introduction of PEWs at a tertiary children's hospital PIM2 was reduced, patients required less PICU interventions and had a shorter length of stay. PICU service delivery improved.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Intensive and Critical Care Nursing - Volume 31, Issue 2, April 2015, Pages 91–99
نویسندگان
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