کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی نسخه تمام متن
265807 504331 2016 10 صفحه PDF دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Probabilistic seismic demand model and fragility estimates for rocking symmetric blocks
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
مدل تقاضای لرزه ای احتمالی و برآورد شکنندگی برای بلوک های متقارن شیب دار
کلمات کلیدی
بدن سنگین بلوک متقارن، احتمال لغو تحریک زلزله، رویکرد بیزی، منحنی های شکستگی، حداکثر احتمال
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه علوم زمین و سیارات مهندسی ژئوتکنیک و زمین شناسی مهندسی
چکیده انگلیسی


• Maximum rotation of symmetric blocks subject to seismic excitations are calculated.
• A probability model is proposed to predict the maximum rotation of the rocking blocks.
• The model is based on displacement design spectra, peak ground acceleration, etc.
• Fragility curves are provided for design purposes along with numerical examples.
• Fragility of blocks increases with increasing block slenderness and decreasing size.

This paper presents a probability model to predict the maximum rotation of rocking bodies exposed to seismic excitations given particular earthquake intensity measures. After obtaining the nonlinear equations of motion and a clarification of the boundaries applied to a rocking body needed to avoid sliding, a complete discussion is provided for the estimation of the approximate period and equivalent damping ratio for the rocking motion. After that, instead of using an iterative solution, which has been proven defective, a new approximate technique is developed by finding the best representative ground motion intensities. Suitable transformations and normalizations are applied to these intensities, and the Bayesian updating approach is employed to construct a probability model. The proposed probability model is capable of accurately predicting the maximum rotation of a symmetric rocking block given the displacement design spectra, peak ground acceleration, peak ground velocity, and arias intensity of an earthquake. This probabilistic model along with the approximate capacity of rocking blocks are used to estimate the fragility curves for rocking blocks with specific geometrical parameters. In the end, a comprehensive and practical form of fragility curves are provided for design purposes along with numerical examples.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Engineering Structures - Volume 114, 1 May 2016, Pages 25–34
نویسندگان
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