|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2661787||1140447||2015||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
IntroductionBronchiolitis is the leading cause of hospitalization among infants and young children. Because of its frequency, a clinical practice guideline for bronchiolitis was implemented in this population in an effort to decrease costs and the number of diagnostic evaluations performed and medications used without increasing length of stay or transfers to the pediatric intensive care unit.MethodsA retrospective chart review of 322 pediatric admissions to a rural community hospital was conducted (169 before guideline implementation and 153 after guideline implementation), and data were categorically stratified into three groups for comparison purposes. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data, with a p value < .05 defining significance.ResultsDuring the project period, patients with a mean age of 9.6 months were admitted to the hospital with bronchiolitis. Statistically significant decreases in cost per day and decreases in use of antibiotics and chest radiographs were achieved without increasing length of stay or pediatric intensive care unit transfers.DiscussionThis project demonstrated feasibility in implementing an evidence-based clinical practice guideline in a rural hospital to improve patient outcomes.
Journal: Journal of Pediatric Health Care - Volume 29, Issue 2, March–April 2015, Pages 169–180