|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2806||136||2016||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Esterification of fatty acids is compared if using a liquid and a “dry” lipase.
• Difference in the apparent equilibrium constants of the two catalysts is found.
• Carrier particles of the “dry” enzyme disperse water in the biodiesel phase.
• Water of the free liquid enzyme is less active, which favors the esterification.
• Application of liquid enzymes has a potential for biodiesel production.
Biodiesel can be produced from vegetable oils using different catalysts including enzymes. This publication presents the development of a mathematical model for biodiesel production using the liquid lipase Callera Trans L (CTL) and analyzes the first block of reactions: esterification of free fatty acids (FFA) in biodiesel and hydrolysis of the latter. The relevant rate constants were evaluated by changing water, methanol, FFA and enzyme concentrations. The results were compared to the immobilized catalyst Novozym 435 (Nvz). The intriguing difference was observed for the apparent equilibrium constants of CTL (high Keqapp) and Nvz (low Keqapp). This thermodynamic “inconsistency” was explained by absence or presence of the catalyst carrier. Nvz carrier particles apparently help to disperse water, increasing its surface and hydrolytic activity in comparison to CTL. Another reactant, methanol, had a dual effect acting as (i) a substrate and (ii) a solvent of water in oil phase. The latter effect added to hydrolytic activity and decreased Keqapp at increasing methanol (0–0.5 M). Inhibition and inactivation of CTL by methanol (<8% v/v) were insignificant. FFA acted as both substrate and reversible inhibitor of the enzyme suppressing its activity to approximately 25% at FFA >1.5 M.
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Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 105, Part A, 15 January 2016, Pages 52–61