|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|3136732||1584979||2015||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
BackgroundDespite early childhood caries (ECC) being largely preventable, its repair accounts for a disproportionate share of Medicaid expenditures. In this study, the authors model disease reductions and cost savings from ECC management alternatives.MethodsThe authors apply system dynamics modeling to the New York State Medicaid population of young children to compare potential outcomes of 9 preventive interventions (water fluoridation, fluoride varnish, fluoride toothpaste, medical screening and fluoride varnish application, bacterial transmission reduction, motivational interviewing, dental prevention visits, secondary prevention, and combinations) and the effect of defluoridating New York City.ResultsModel simulations help project 10-year disease reductions and net savings from water fluoridation, motivational interviewing, and fluoride toothpaste. Interventions requiring health professionals cost more than they save. Interventions that target children at high risk, begin early, and combine multiple strategies hold greatest potential. Defluoridating New York City would increase disease and costs dramatically.ConclusionsThe variety of population-level and individual-level interventions available to control ECC differ substantially in their capacity to improve children’s oral health and reduce state Medicaid expenditures.Practical ImplicationsUsing Medicaid and health department dollars to deliver ECC preventive and management interventions holds strong promise to improve children’s oral health while reducing state dental expenditures in Medicaid.
Journal: The Journal of the American Dental Association - Volume 146, Issue 4, April 2015, Pages 224–232