|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4481996||1316845||2013||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Pseudomonas aeruginosa were persistent in the GAC and anthracite filters.
• The clean GAC filter retained more bacteria and phages than the anthracite filter.
• After biofilm development the phage broke through more quickly in both media.
• The phages selectively removed P. aeruginosa in the biofilters.
• Phage treatment had minimal impact on beneficial organisms inside the biofilters.
Water and wastewater filtration systems often house pathogenic bacteria, which must be removed to ensure clean, safe water. Here, we determine the persistence of the model bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa in two types of filtration systems, and use P. aeruginosa bacteriophages to determine their ability to selectively remove P. aeruginosa. These systems used beds of either anthracite or granular activated carbon (GAC), which were operated at an empty bed contact time (EBCT) of 45 min. The clean bed filtration systems were loaded with an instantaneous dose of P. aeruginosa at a total cell number of 2.3 (±0.1 [standard deviation]) × 107 cells. An immediate dose of P. aeruginosa phages (1 mL of phage stock at the concentration of 2.7 × 107 PFU (Plaque Forming Units)/mL) resulted in a reduction of 50% (±9%) and >99.9% in the effluent P. aeruginosa concentrations in the clean anthracite and GAC filters, respectively. To further evaluate the effects of P. aeruginosa phages, synthetic stormwater was run through anthracite and GAC biofilters where mixed-culture biofilms were present. Eighty five days after an instantaneous dose of P. aeruginosa (2.3 × 107 cells per filter) on day 1, 7.5 (±2.8) × 107 and 1.1 (±0.5) × 107 P. aeruginosa cells/g filter media were detected in the top layer (close to the influent port) of the anthracite and GAC biofilters, respectively, demonstrating the growth and persistence of pathogenic bacteria in the biofilters. A subsequent 1-h dose of phages, at the concentration of 5.1 × 106 PFU/mL and flow rate of 1.6 mL/min, removed the P. aeruginosa inside the GAC biofilters and the anthracite biofilters by 70% (±5%) and 56% (±1%), respectively, with no P. aeruginosa detected in the effluent, while not affecting ammonia oxidation or the ammonia-oxidizing bacterial community inside the biofilters. These results suggest that phage treatment can selectively remove pathogenic bacteria with minimal impact on beneficial organisms from attached growth systems for effluent quality improvement.
Figure optionsDownload high-quality image (243 K)Download as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Water Research - Volume 47, Issue 13, 1 September 2013, Pages 4507–4518