کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5116367 1378095 2017 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Research articleExchangeable Sodium Percentage decrease in saline sodic soil after Basic Oxygen Furnace Slag application in a lysimeter trial
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
تحقیقاتی سولفات سدیم قابل کاهش در میزان شوری سدیم پس از استفاده از سرباره کوره شیمیایی پایه در یک آزمایش لیزومتر
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی انرژی انرژی های تجدید پذیر، توسعه پایدار و محیط زیست
چکیده انگلیسی


- BOF slag was evaluated in lysimeter as soil amendment for reducing sodicity.
- A significant decrease of sodicity (ESP) was observed in soil amended with slag.
- Tomato productivity increased, while wheat productivity decreased.
- Risks associated with Cr and V are low in the short time.

The Basic Oxygen Furnace Slag results from the conversion of hot metal into steel. Some properties of this slag, such as the high pH or calcium and magnesium content, makes it suitable for agricultural use as a soil amendment. Slag application to agricultural soils is allowed in some European countries, but to date there is no common regulation in the European Union.In Italy soils in coastal areas are often affected by excess sodium, which has several detrimental effects on the soil structure and crop production. In this study, carried out within an European project, the ability of the Basic Oxygen Furnace Slag to decrease the soil Exchangeable Sodium Percentage of a sodic soil was evaluated. A three-year lysimeter trial with wheat and tomato crops was carried out to assess the effects of two slag doses (D1, 3.5 g kg−1year−1 and D, 2, 7 g kg−1year−1) on exchangeable cations in comparison with unamended soil. In addition, the accumulation in the topsoil of vanadium and chromium, the two main trace metals present in the Basic Oxygen Furnace Slag, was assessed. After two years, the soil Exchangeable Sodium Percentage was reduced by 40% in D1 and 45% in D2 compared to the control. A concomitant increase in exchangeable bivalent cations (Ca++ and Mg++) was observed. We concluded that bivalent cations supplied with the slag competed with sodium for the sorption sites in the soil. The slag treatments also had a positive effect on tomato yields, which were higher than the control. Conversely the wheat yield was lower in the slag-amended soil, possibly because of the toxicity of vanadium added with the slag. This study showed that Basic Oxygen Furnace Slag decreased the Exchangeable Sodium Percentage, but precautions are needed to avoid the build up of toxic concentrations of trace metals in the soil, especially vanadium.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Environmental Management - Volume 203, Part 3, 1 December 2017, Pages 896-906
نویسندگان
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