|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5123065||1487202||2016||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
- Chronic disease and environmental change share common causes.
- Key to both are the lifestyles characteristic of high-income societies.
- Like health, the planetary environment is shaped by the social determinants of health.
- Social determinants of health and environmental frameworks can be aligned.
- Health damaging and environmentally damaging lifestyles show contrasting social gradients.
ObjectiveIndustrialization and urbanization have been associated with an epidemiological transition, from communicable to non-communicable disease, and a geological transition that is moving the planet beyond the stable Holocene epoch in which human societies have prospered. The lifestyles of high-income countries are major drivers of these twin processes. Our objective is to highlight the common causes of chronic disease and environmental change and, thereby, contribute to shared perspectives across public health and the environment.Study designIntegrative reviews focused on social determinants and lifestyles as two 'bridging' concepts between the fields of public health and environmental sustainability.MethodsWe drew on established frameworks to consider the position of the natural environment within social determinants of health (SDH) frameworks and the position of social determinants within environmental frameworks. We drew on evidence on lifestyle factors central to both public health and environmental change (mobility- and diet-related factors). We investigated how public health's focus on individual behaviour can be enriched by environmental perspectives that give attention to household consumption practices.ResultsWhile SDH frameworks can incorporate the biophysical environment, their causal structure positions it as a determinant and one largely separate from the social factors that shape it. Environmental frameworks are more likely to represent the environment and its ecosystems as socially determined. A few frameworks also include human health as an outcome, providing the basis for a combined public health/environmental sustainability framework. Environmental analyses of household impacts broaden public health's concern with individual risk behaviours, pointing to the more damaging lifestyles of high-income households.ConclusionThe conditions for health are being undermined by rapid environmental change. There is scope for frameworks reaching across public health and environmental sustainability and a shared evidence base that captures the health- and environmentally damaging impacts of high-consumption lifestyles.
Journal: Public Health - Volume 141, December 2016, Pages 270-278