|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5432210||1508831||2017||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
Free-standing and flexible activated flax fabrics (AFFs) with hierarchical meso/microporous structures have been prepared through a novel one-step synthetic strategy of rapid carbonization/activation of flax fabrics in CO2. The fast heating and the high partial pressure of CO2 inhibit the decomposition of flax fabrics during heating up, and thus keep more char materials for gasification at high temperature. It is found that such a process retains a considerable amount of oxygen groups and creates relatively large pores, bringing a one-step process to carbonize and activate flax fabrics at the same time and offering the freedom of tuning the mesopore volume/total pore volume (Vmeso/Vtotal) ratio. Notably, the Vmeso/Vtotal ratio is significantly increased from 27.6% to 67.0%. As a result, the flexible electrodes show excellent electrochemical performance in aqueous electrolyte, exhibiting a large specific capacitance (205Â FÂ gâ1 or 140Â FÂ cmâ3 at current density of 0.1Â AÂ gâ1), a good rate capability (139Â FÂ gâ1 or 95Â FÂ cmâ3 at 35Â AÂ gâ1), and an excellent cycling stability (â¼96.6% retention after 3000 cycles). The excellent rate performance can be attributed to the improved ion transport (due to large pore size) and the good wettability (due to the oxygen group) of electrolyte.
A novel one-step synthetic strategy has been developed to simultaneously carbonize and activate low-cost flax fabrics into free-standing and flexible fabrics with hierarchical meso/microporous structures. The mesopore volume/total pore volume (Vmeso/Vtotal) ratio is significantly increased from 27.6% to 67.0%. As a result, the flexible electrodes show excellent electrochemical performance in aqueous electrolyte.284
Journal: Carbon - Volume 116, May 2017, Pages 518-527