کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5511779 1540216 2017 35 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Synthesis and characterization of chitosan nanoparticles and their effect on Fusarium head blight and oxidative activity in wheat
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
سنتز و خصوصی سازی نانوذرات کیتوزان و تأثیر آنها بر فعالیت فسفاته و فعالیت اکسیداتیو در گندم
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری بیوشیمی، ژنتیک و زیست شناسی مولکولی زیست شیمی
چکیده انگلیسی
The main aim of present study was to prepare chitosan (CS) and chitosan nanoparticles (CS/NPs) to evaluate their antifungal and oxidative activity. CS/NPs were prepared based on the ionic gelation of CS with tripolyphosphate (TPP) anions by using centrifugation and pH change. The obtained nanoparticles (NPs) were characterized by size and zeta potential analysis. The antifungal activity of the CS and CS/NPs were evaluated on the Fusarium graminearum, which causes Fusarium head blight (FHB) on wheat by the method of spraying on the Potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium. The Dynamic light scattering (DLS) indicated that particle diameter (z-average) was approximately 180.9 ± 35.5-339.4 ± 50.9 and 225.7 ± 42.81-595.7 ± 81.7 nm for NPs prepared from CS with different molecular weights by using centrifugation and pH change methods, respectively. Different concentrations of CS and NPs were tested to know the inhibitory effect of F. graminearum. Low molecular weight (LMW) CS and its NPs had high potential of antifungal activity on suppress of fungus growth. The maximum percentage of growth reduction was 68.18%, and 77.5% by CS and its NPs at concentrations of 1000 and 5000 ppm, respectively. In greenhouse trials, at 28 days after inoculation (dpi), the area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC) from 7 dpi to 28 dpi of control plants treated with acetic acid aqueous solution and distilled water was almost up to 7.36 and 7.7, respectively, while plants treated with CS and NPs only had approximately 3.61 and 3.34, respectively. Results revealed that H2O2 accumulations displayed a different pattern during the activation of plant defense systems, it had brownish sites on the infected palea. Since 24 h post inoculation (hpi), the H2O2 accumulations were shown in both CS and NPs, and the elevated H2O2 accumulation appeared in 72 hpi in both treatments. CS and NPs at high concentration increased the degree of tissue and cell injury. The obtained results clearly suggest that CS and its NPs have remarkable potential for further field screening towards crop protection.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - Volume 102, September 2017, Pages 526-538
نویسندگان
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