|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5546271||1555964||2017||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
Prostriate ticks (subfamily Ixodinae, genus Ixodes) can copulate and the females can be inseminated before attachment to the host. In tests with Ixodes persulcatus females collected in the field and fed without males on the host, it was shown that this preprandial insemination is necessary and sufficient for successful engorgement and oviposition if female feeding took place in up to 1 month after collection. A 2-month period between preprandial insemination and female feeding was followed by a significant decrease in the proportion of normally engorged females and significant increase in egg mortality. If a small number of males were added to feeding females in this case, the number of normally engorged females increased but the egg mortality remained as high. Spermatophore destruction during the 2-month period is assumed to have a negative effect on the viability of eggs produced after additional (perprandial) insemination. Prostriate ticks are believed to be an intermediate group between argasid and metastriate ticks. Transition from nidicolous parasitism in argasid ticks to exophily (pasture parasitism) in metastriate ticks determines the change in mating strategy from off-host to on-host copulation. We review the available data concerning mating strategies in representatives of different subgenera of the genus Ixodes in the context of this evolutionary relationship.
Journal: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases - Volume 8, Issue 6, October 2017, Pages 866-871