|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5559812||1561693||2017||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- ALCAR partially alleviated benzene-induced hematotoxicity.
- ALCAR reduced benzene-induced oxidative stress.
- ALCAR decreased DNA damage in benzene exposure mice.
Benzene is an environmental pollutant and occupational toxicant which induces hematotoxicity. Our previous metabonomics study suggested that acetyl-l-carnitine (ALCAR) decreased in the mouse plasma and bone marrow (BM) cells due to benzene exposure. In the present study, the topic on whether ALCAR influences hematotoxicity caused by benzene exposure was explored. Thirty-two male C3H/He mice were divided into four groups: control group (C: vehicle, oil), benzene group (150Â mg/kg body weight (b.w.) benzene), benzeneÂ +Â A1 group (150Â mg/kg b.w. benzeneÂ +Â 100Â mg/kg b.w. ALCAR), and benzeneÂ +Â A2 group (150Â mg/kg b.w. benzeneÂ +Â 200Â mg/kg b.w. ALCAR). Benzene was injected subcutaneously, and ALCAR was orally administrated via gavage once daily for 4 weeks consecutively. After the experimental period, the blood routine, BM cell number and frequency of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HS/PC) were assessed. The mitochondrial membrane potential and ATP level were determined to evaluate the mitochondrial function. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were also examined, and the comet assay was performed to measure oxidative stress. Results showed that ALCAR intervention can partially reduce the benzene-induced damage on BM and HS/PCs and can simultaneously alleviate the DNA damage by reducing benzene-induced H2O2, ROS, and MDA.
Journal: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology - Volume 51, April 2017, Pages 108-113