|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5562497||1562699||2018||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- A simple in vitro system to study the effects of PCBs during pregnancy is proposed.
- PCBs induce permanent epigenetic changes in fetal fibroblasts.
- PCBs trigger recombinogenic events and chromosomal aberrations in fetal fibroblasts.
- Embryo-derived cells are more sensitive than amniocytes to Aroclor1254 toxicity.
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent organic pollutants ubiquitously detectable in the environment and in the food chain. Prenatal exposure to PCBs negatively affects fetal development and produces long-term detrimental effects on child health. The present study sought to evaluate the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of chronic PCB exposure on fetal cells during pregnancy. To this aim, sheep embryonic fibroblasts (SEF) and amniocytes (SA) were cultured in vitro in the presence of low doses of PCBs for a period of 120Â days, comparable to the full term of ovine pregnancy. Cellular proliferation rates, global DNA methylation, chromosome integrity, and markers of DNA damage were evaluated at different time points. Moreover, SEF treated with PCBs for 60Â days were left untreated for one further month and then examined in order to evaluate the reversibility of PCB-induced epigenetic defects. PCB-treated SEF were more sensitive than SA treated with PCBs, in terms of low cell proliferation, and increased DNA damage and global DNA methylation, which were still detectable after interruption of PCB treatment. These data indicate that chronic exposure of fetal cells to PCBs causes permanent genomic and epigenetic instability, which may influence both prenatal and post-natal growth up to adulthood. Our in vitro model offer a simple and controlled means of studying the effects of different contaminants on fetal cells - one that could set the stage for targeted in vivo studies.
Journal: Toxicology in Vitro - Volume 46, February 2018, Pages 39-46