|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5746601||1618803||2017||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
- Hydrogen isotope fractionation was measured for partitioning of benzenes from water.
- 1-Octanol and n-octane yield similar fractionation factors.
- C6D6 behaves more hydrophilically than C6H6.
- Solvent extraction fractionates slightly stronger than evaporation from water.
- Diffusion may fractionate opposite to thermodynamic control.
Isotope fractionation between benzene-D0 and benzene-D6 caused by multi-step partitioning of the benzenes between water and two organic solvents, n-octane and 1-octanol, as well as between water and the gas phase, was measured. The obtained fractionation factors Î±HÂ =Â KH/KD are Î±HÂ =Â 1.080Â Â±Â 0.015 and Î±HÂ =Â 1.074Â Â±Â 0.015 for extraction into n-octane and 1-octanol, respectively, and Î±HÂ =Â 1.049Â Â±Â 0.010 for evaporation from aqueous solution. The comparison of solvent- and gas-phase partitioning reveals that about 2/3 of the driving force of fractionation is due to different interactions in the aqueous phase, whereas 1/3 is due to different interactions in the organic phase. The heavy benzene isotopologue behaves more 'hydrophilically' and the light one more 'hydrophobically'. This synergistic alignment gives rise to relatively large fractionation effects in partitioning between water and non-polar organic matter. In contrast to a previous study, there is no indication of strong fractionation by specific interactions between benzene and octanol.Partitioning under non-equilibrium conditions yields smaller apparent fractionation effects due to opposite trends of thermodynamic and kinetic fractionation parameters, i.e. partition and diffusion coefficients of the isotopologues. This may have consequences which should be taken into account when considering isotope fractionation due to sorption in environmental compartments.
Journal: Chemosphere - Volume 168, February 2017, Pages 508-513