کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5862239 1133775 2014 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Direct and indirect air particle cytotoxicity in human alveolar epithelial cells
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
سیتوتوکسیسیته ذرات مستقیم و غیر مستقیم در سلولهای اپیتلیال آلوئولار انسان
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم محیط زیست بهداشت، سم شناسی و جهش زایی
چکیده انگلیسی


- PM indirect effect on A549 cells modified viability and O2- and IL-8 production.
- PM direct effect on A549 cells depends on particle morphochemical composition.
- PM affects cells directly by physical interaction or indirectly by the release of cellular factors.

Air particulate matter has been associated with adverse impact on the respiratory system leading to cytotoxic and proinflammatory effects. The biological mechanisms behind these associations may be initiated by inhaled small size particles, particle components (soluble fraction) and/or mediators released by particle-exposed cells (conditioned media).The effect of Urban Air Particles from Buenos Aires (UAP-BA) and Residual Oil Fly Ash (ROFA) a surrogate of ambient air pollution, their Soluble Fractions (SF) and Conditioned Media (CM) on A549 lung epithelial cells was examined. After 24 h exposure to TP (10 and 100 μg/ml), SF or CM, several biological parameters were assayed on cultured A549 cells. We tested cell viability by MTT, superoxide anion (O2-) generation by NBT and proinflammatory cytokine (TNFα, IL-6 and IL-8) production by ELISA.UAP-BA particles or its SF (direct effect) did not modify cell viability and generation of O2- for any of the doses tested. On the contrary, UAP-BA CM (indirect effect) reduced cell viability and increased both generation of O2- and IL-8 production. Exposure to ROFA particles, SF or ROFA CM reduced proliferation and O2- but, stimulated IL-8. It is worth to note that UAP-BA and ROFA depicted distinct effects on particle-exposed A549 cells implicating morphochemical dependence. These in vitro findings support the hypothesis that particle-induced lung inflammation and disease may involve lung-derived mediators.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Toxicology in Vitro - Volume 28, Issue 5, August 2014, Pages 796-802
نویسندگان
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