|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|6412436||1332898||2014||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
- Soil moisture plays a key role in modulating flood magnitudes.
- A GEV model for flood frequency is considered, with soil moisture as covariate.
- Soil moisture is computed with a parsimonious model calibrated with satellite data.
- The proposed approach allows evaluating the climate change impacts on flood risk.
SummaryFor many areas in the world, there is a need for future projections of flood risk in order to improve the possible mitigation actions. However, such an exercise is often made difficult in data-sparse regions, where the limited access to hydrometric data does not allow calibrating hydrological models in a robust way under non-stationary conditions. In this study we present an approach to estimate possible changes in flood risks, which incorporates flood generating processes into statistical models for extreme values. This approach is illustrated for a West African catchment, the Mono River (12,900Â km2), with discharge, precipitation and temperature data available between 1988 and 2010 and where the dominant flood generating process is soil saturation. A soil moisture accounting (SMA) model, calibrated against a merged surface soil moisture microwave satellite dataset, is used to estimate the annual maximum soil saturation level that is related to the location parameter of a generalized extreme value model of annual maximum discharge. With such a model, it is possible to estimate the changes in flood quantiles from the changes in the annual maximum soil saturation level. An ensemble of regional climate models from the ENSEMBLES-AMMA project are then considered to estimate the potential future changes in soil saturation and subsequently the changes in flood risks for the period 2028-2050. A sensitivity analysis of the non-stationary flood quantiles has shown that with the projected changes on precipitation (â2%) and temperature (+1.22Â°) under the scenario A1B, the projected flood quantiles would stay in the range of the observed variability during 1988-2010. The proposed approach, relying on low data requirements, could be useful to estimate the projected changes in flood risks for other data-sparse catchments where the dominant flood-generating process is soil saturation.
Journal: Journal of Hydrology - Volume 519, Part A, 27 November 2014, Pages 549-558