کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
6470397 1424111 2017 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Carbon nanofiber-supported PdNi alloy nanoparticles as highly efficient bifunctional catalysts for hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی مهندسی شیمی (عمومی)
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Carbon nanofiber-supported PdNi alloy nanoparticles as highly efficient bifunctional catalysts for hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions
چکیده انگلیسی


- The PdNi/CNF catalyst was synthesized by facile electrospinning and carbonization processes.
- The PdNi/CNF mats were directly employed as highly efficient bifunctional catalysts for the HER and OER.
- The hybrid materials exhibited high catalytic activity and long-term stability during the HER and OER.
- We offer an effective and feasible method for generating hydrogen by water electrolysis.

Efficient bifunctional electrocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) must be developed to realize an inexpensive water-splitting system for large-scale applications. Herein, a novel PdNi carbon nanofiber (PdNi/CNF) catalyst was synthesized by facile electrospinning and carbonization processes. The size and homogeneity of the Pd−Ni alloy nanoparticles (NPs) could be effectively tuned by controlling the molar feed ratio of metal precursors .The morphology and structure of the PdNi/CNFs were characterized, and the working electrodes fabricated from the prepared catalyst mats were directly employed in the HER and OER. The PdNi/CNFs-1:2 catalyst exhibits high catalytic activity in the HER with a low overpotential of 55 mV at a current density of 10 mA cm−2 in an acidic solution. Moreover, under 1 M KOH electrolyte, an overpotential of 187 mV is required in the HER over the catalyst to arrive 10 mA cm−2 and an overpotential of 289 mV is achieved in the OER at the same current density. The superior HER and OER activities of the PdNi/CNFs are attributed to the synergistic effects of the PdNi alloy nanoparticles (NPs) assembled on the CNFs. This work provides a simple route for synthesizing highly efficient bifunctional electrocatalysts from 3d transition metals and a small amount of noble metals for hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Electrochimica Acta - Volume 246, 20 August 2017, Pages 17-26
نویسندگان
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