|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|69913||48800||2013||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
A keratin degrading protease, Ker AP sharing peptide homology with putative aminopeptidase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa was cloned and expressed as an extracellular protein using pEZZ18-Escherichia coli HB101. It was a serine hydrolase with pH and temperature optima of pH 10 and 60 °C. It had a t1/2 of 20.50 min at 70 °C. It hydrolyzed various complex proteins such as fibrin, hemoglobin, feather and casein. Ker AP possessed fibrin(ogen)olytic activity along with plasminogen activating activity. In addition, it also cleaved tetra-peptides more efficiently than single amino acid pNA esters. In silico analysis was done to understand this endopeptidase character of this putative aminopeptidase. Domain mapping revealed that it had an additional protease associated domain along with the aminopeptidase domain. Modeling and docking studies revealed that PA domain provided scaffold for binding of larger protein substrates facilitating its endopeptidase character. Glu341, Ser423 and His296 were functionally validated to be probable catalytic triad for its endopeptidase activity.
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► Keratinase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa having homology with an aminopeptidase was expressed.
► Its endopeptidase activity was ten fold higher than exopeptidase activity.
► Structural basis for endopeptidase function was presence of protease associated domain.
► Mutagenesis revealed Glu341, Ser423 and His296 as catalytic residues for protease function.
Journal: Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic - Volume 91, July 2013, Pages 8–16