کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
7478091 1485206 2018 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Feasibility of four wastes to remove heavy metals from contaminated soils
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
امکان چهار ضایعه برای حذف فلزات سنگین از خاک های آلوده
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کلمات کلیدی
شستشو خاک، فلز سنگین هدر، پوست کنجد، خطر زیست محیطی بالقوه، اموال شیمیایی خاک،
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی انرژی انرژی های تجدید پذیر، توسعه پایدار و محیط زیست
چکیده انگلیسی
Soil washing is one of the permanent techniques to remove heavy metals, and washing agent is a key influence factor for this technique, but there is still lack of high-efficiency, eco-friendly, and inexpensive agents. In this study, four wastes including pineapple peel (PP), soybean straw (SS), broad bean straw (BBS) and tea residue (TR) were employed to remove cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) in contaminated soils. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis indicated that hydroxyl, carboxyl, amine, carbonyl and amide groups were involved in the interaction with metal ions by complexation or ion exchange. We then investigated the influences of various conditions including washing solution concentration, pH, and washing time. The metal removal efficiencies with these agents increased as the concentration augmented from 5 to 80 g L−1, decreased or presented an asymmetric V-shaped curve with increasing pH from 2.5 to 7.5, and fit intraparticle diffusion or Elovich model with washing time increasing. PP has the highest removals for Cd (90.1%), Pb (18.6%), and Zn (15.2%) in soil A, and 85.8, 24.8, and 69.4% in soil B, respectively. The relatively high metal removal was mainly attributed to effective removal of the exchangeable and acid soluble fractions. Moreover, single washing not only lowered the potential ecological risk of the heavy metals, but moderated the effects on soil chemical properties. Therefore, PP was a feasible washing agent to remediate soils contaminated by heavy metals.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Environmental Management - Volume 212, 15 April 2018, Pages 258-265
نویسندگان
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