|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|77506||49283||2016||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Optimal thermal annealing allows a 2.5-fold efficiency improvement.
• Partial Qdots capping lost enables better interfacial contact with TiO2.
• High temperature annealing causes conversion efficiency decrease.
• Charge extraction method allowed for a mechanism proposal.
Thermal annealing of photoanodes made of TiO2 nanotubes sensitized with CdSe quantum dots is studied. Heat treatment of these photoanodes in air can cause either an improvement or a serious drop in the photocurrent generation. Ligands or capping agents stabilize Qdots removing highly reactive dangling bonds on its surface but also they can act as a passivating layer that increases charge transfer resistance between Qdots and TiO2 nanotubes; therefore optimal conditions of thermal annealing are needed to improve efficiency of the interfacial charge transfer avoiding as far as possible the decomposition of the sensitizers. As a corollary of this study, a 2.5-fold increase in photocurrent value was reached after thermal annealing at 200 °C during at least two hours; while thermal treatments at temperature values higher than 250 °C can produce a deleterious effect on the conversion efficiency if the annealing time extends over a long period of time. Photoelectrochemistry, thermogravimetry and SEM microscopy were used as tools to propose a mechanism able to explain the observed behaviour.
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Journal: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells - Volume 155, October 2016, Pages 202–208