کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
8258519 1534609 2018 28 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
How the biliary tree maintains immune tolerance?
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
چگونه درخت صفراوی تحمل ایمنی را حفظ می کند؟
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری بیوشیمی، ژنتیک و زیست شناسی مولکولی سالمندی
چکیده انگلیسی
The liver is a vital organ with distinctive anatomy, histology and heterogeneous cell populations. These characteristics are of particular importance in maintaining immune homeostasis within the liver microenvironments, notably the biliary tree. Cholangiocytes are the first line of defense of the biliary tree against foreign substances, and are equipped to participate through various immunological pathways. Indeed, cholangiocytes protect against pathogens by TLRs-related signaling; maintain tolerance by expression of IRAK-M and PPARγ; limit immune response by inducing apoptosis of leukocytes; present antigen by expressing human leukocyte antigen molecules and costimulatory molecules; recruit leukocytes to the target site by expressing cytokines and chemokines. However, breach of tolerance in the biliary tree results in various cholangiopathies, exemplified by primary biliary cholangitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis and biliary atresia. Lessons learned from immune tolerance of the biliary tree will provide the basis for the development of effective therapeutic approaches against autoimmune biliary tract diseases. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Cholangiocytes in Health and Disease edited by Jesus Banales, Marco Marzioni, Nicholas LaRusso and Peter Jansen.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of Disease - Volume 1864, Issue 4, Part B, April 2018, Pages 1367-1373
نویسندگان
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