کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
8488045 1552073 2013 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Predicting critical source areas of sediment in headwater catchments
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
پیش بینی مناطق بحرانی رسوب در حوضه آبریز
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک علوم زراعت و اصلاح نباتات
چکیده انگلیسی
Mitigation of diffuse nutrient and sediment delivery to streams requires successful identification and management of critical source areas within catchments. Approaches to predicting high risk areas for sediment loss have typically relied on structural drivers of connectivity and risk, with little consideration given to process driven water quality responses. To assess the applicability of structural metrics to predict critical source areas, geochemical tracing of land use sources was conducted in three headwater agricultural catchments in Co. Down and Co. Louth, Ireland, within a Monte Carlo framework. Outputs were applied to the inverse optimisation of a connectivity model, based on LiDAR DEM data, to assess the efficacy of land use risk weightings to predict sediment source contributions over the 18 month study period in the Louth Upper, Louth Lower and Down catchments. Results of the study indicated sediment proportions over the study period varied from 6 to 10%, 84 to 87%, 4%, and 2 to 3% for the Down Catchment, 79 to 85%, 9 to 17%, 1 to 3% and 2 to 3% in the Louth Upper and 2 to 3%, 79 to 85%, 10 to 17% and 2 to 3% in the Louth Lower for arable, channel bank, grassland, and woodland sources, respectively. Optimised land use risk weightings for each sampling period showed that at the larger catchment scale, no variation in median land use weightings were required to predict land use contributions. However, for the two smaller study catchments, variation in median risk weightings was considerable, which may indicate the importance of functional connectivity processes at this spatial scale. In all instances, arable land consistently generated the highest risk of sediment loss across all catchments and sampling times. This study documents some of the first data on sediment provenance in Ireland and indicates the need for cautious consideration of land use as a tool to predict critical source areas at the headwater scale
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment - Volume 179, 1 October 2013, Pages 41-52
نویسندگان
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