کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
8839053 1613221 2018 16 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
From in silico astrocyte cell models to neuron-astrocyte network models: A review
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
از مدل سلولی آستروسیت سیلیکا به مدل شبکه های نورون-آستروسیت: یک بررسی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علم عصب شناسی علوم اعصاب سلولی و مولکولی
چکیده انگلیسی
The idea that astrocytes may be active partners in synaptic information processing has recently emerged from abundant experimental reports. Because of their spatial proximity to neurons and their bidirectional communication with them, astrocytes are now considered as an important third element of the synapse. Astrocytes integrate and process synaptic information and by doing so generate cytosolic calcium signals that are believed to reflect neuronal transmitter release. Moreover, they regulate neuronal information transmission by releasing gliotransmitters into the synaptic cleft affecting both pre- and postsynaptic receptors. Concurrent with the first experimental reports of the astrocytic impact on neural network dynamics, computational models describing astrocytic functions have been developed. In this review, we give an overview over the published computational models of astrocytic functions, from single-cell dynamics to the tripartite synapse level and network models of astrocytes and neurons.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Brain Research Bulletin - Volume 136, January 2018, Pages 76-84
نویسندگان
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