کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
10142566 1646104 2018 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Decontamination of select infrastructure materials after a radiological incident using a water-based formulation
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
ضدعفونی کردن مواد زیر بنایی انتخاب شده پس از یک حادثه رادیولوژیکی با استفاده از فرمولاسیون آب
دانلود مقاله + سفارش ترجمه
دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی
رایگان برای ایرانیان
سفارش ترجمه تخصصی
با تضمین قیمت و کیفیت
کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی انرژی انرژی هسته ای و مهندسی
چکیده انگلیسی
This paper summarizes the results of the decontamination of the infrastructure materials concrete, limestone, brick and asphalt contaminated with 60Co, 85Sr, 137Cs and 241Am. The paper focuses on the effect of differences in substrate properties and of the pH of the radionuclide solution used for surface contamination on adsorption or ion exchange of the radionuclides and how these factors affect the decontamination effectiveness. A six-component chemical formulation was used and a process effectiveness of up to 76% was obtained depending on the substrate and radionuclide. Asphalt was the easiest material to decontaminate because of its more hydrophobic nature. Concrete and limestone (and to some extent brick) were less effectively decontaminated as their porous surfaces allowed penetration of radionuclides into water-filled pores in the substrate facilitating adsorption or ion exchange and making them difficult to remove. Brick was the most difficult material to decontaminate because the major component of brick is clay which retains most mono- and divalent ions. The removal of 60Co, 85Sr and 137Cs from the surfaces of concrete, limestone and brick increased when the pH of the radionuclide solutions was moderately acidic to neutral compared to when they were highly acidic. The variability in the test results was similar to that observed in other studies using other decontamination methods, attributed to the inhomogeneity of the substrates used and considered representative of real infrastructure materials.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity - Volumes 193–194, October 2018, Pages 57-67
نویسندگان
, , , , , , , , ,
دانلود مقاله + سفارش ترجمه
دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی
رایگان برای ایرانیان
سفارش ترجمه تخصصی
با تضمین قیمت و کیفیت