کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
101709 161289 2016 5 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Drowning in Pretoria, South Africa: A 10-year review
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
غرق شدن در پرتوریا، آفریقای جنوبی: یک بررسی 10 ساله
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تولید محتوا
با 10 درصد تخفیف ویژه دانشیاری
کلمات کلیدی
بدن بازیابی شده از آب؛ مرگ و میر در دوران کودکی؛ رنگ آمیزی همولیتیک آئورت؛ تحقیقات پزشکی قانونی از مرگ
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری بیوشیمی، ژنتیک و زیست شناسی مولکولی ژنتیک
چکیده انگلیسی


• Most drowning deaths in Pretoria are amongst children who die in swimming pools.
• Positive blood alcohol was present in 42% of adult drowning.
• A thorough medico-legal investigation of immersion-related deaths should be done.
• The majority of these deaths appear to be preventable.
• Public awareness and legislation should aim to prevent future drowning deaths.

Drowning is classified as the 3rd leading cause of accidental deaths worldwide and is deemed to be a preventable cause of death. Bodies retrieved from a water medium pose several challenges to the forensic pathologist with the diagnosis of drowning being primarily one of exclusion. The aim of this study was to do a retrospective descriptive case audit of bodies retrieved from water and immersion related deaths, which were investigated at the Pretoria Medico-Legal Laboratory (PMLL) over a 10 year period (January 2002 through December 2011). A total of 346 cases were identified for inclusion into this study. In 6% (20) of these cases, the death was not related to drowning; in 14% (48) no clear cause of death could be ascertained and in 278 cases (80%) the cause of death was considered to have been due to drowning. Infants (under 1 year, of age) constituted 41 (15%) of the cases; toddlers (aged 1–2 years) comprised 52 (19%) cases; children (aged 2–13 years) 49 (18%) cases; adolescents (aged 13–18 years) comprised 10 (3%) cases; adults (above 18, years) made up 126 (45%) of the cases. The majority of the drownings, occurred in swimming pools [125 cases (38%)]. In infants 23 (56%) of, drownings occurred in swimming pools followed by buckets [7 cases (17%)]. Sixty-nine per cent of toddler drownings (36 cases) occurred in swimming, pools. In the adult population, 40 (32%) of cases occurred in pools and 35 cases (28%) in rivers. Positive blood alcohol results were recorded in 48, (42%) out of 113 cases where the test was requested, 40 (35%) of these, cases higher than 0.05 g per 100 ml. This study suggests that many drowning deaths in Pretoria may be preventable by introducing greater public awareness of the risks and instituting relatively simple, protective measures.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - Volume 37, January 2016, Pages 66–70
نویسندگان
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