|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|140111||162668||2014||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Presents the history of and research regarding death qualification in the United States.
• Proposes that cognitive dissonance plays a role in death qualified jury convictions.
• Argues that the assumption of innocence may trigger cognitive dissonance.
• Cognitive dissonance may be resolved through the act of convicting capital defendants.
• Summarizes the social psychological criticism that death qualification has received.
The conviction-prone behavior of death-qualified juries is a phenomenon that has been widely observed, but is not fully understood. This work presents a cognitive dissonance perspective as a possible mechanism that may be contributing to the high rate of conviction in death-qualified juries. This review contends that the selection procedures for death qualification may create juries with attitudes that are contrary to the fundamental assumption of innocence presupposed by the court. As a result of this conflict between juror attitudes and the assumption of innocence, dissonance will occur. One path to dissonance resolution may be the act of conviction. The empirical findings from juror studies support this dissonance interpretation of the conviction-prone status of death-qualified juries. This work also reviews the legal history of the death qualification process in Witherspoon v. Illinois (1968) and Hovey v. Superior Court (1980) and summarizes the social psychological criticism that process has received.
Journal: The Social Science Journal - Volume 51, Issue 2, June 2014, Pages 287–294